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Tranquebar

A Place of cultural Exchange

The Land Gate, Tranquebar. Photo: Esther Fihl, 2013. National Museum of Denmark

Tranquebar – or Tharangampadi – is a village on the coast of Coromandel in south India with an intriguing intercultural history documented in historical buildings, rich archival sources, old and new ethnographic collections, and a series of recent studies from the Tranquebar Initiative of the National Museum of Denmark.
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Danish Era 1620-1845

Religious procession with Danish flags and colonial officers. Maritime Museum, Denmark

During the Danish rule that lasted more than 200 years, Tranquebar was a place of continuous cultural encounters between Indian and European customs, ideas, religions, art, architecture, and administrative norms. Tranquebar was by no means an isolated European spot in Indian surroundings, rather, it was chiefly an Indian village with a small, but powerful European elite.
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Ethnographic Studies

Female fish vendors. Photo: Caroline Lillelund, 2007. National Museum of Denmark

Modern day Tharangampadi – or Tranquebar - is a medium-sized Indian village of around 7000 inhabitants involved in a series of trades with fishing as the main occupation. The majority of the population belongs to the Hindu community of fishers. Other large groups include Dalit, Christian, and Muslim communities of different occupations.
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Schools, Missionaries and Book Printing

Statue of Bartholomæus Ziegenbalg. Photo: Helle Jørgensen, 2008. National Museum of Denmark

In 1706, two missionaries Bartholomæus Ziegenbalg and Heinrich Plütschau arrived in Tranquebar. They founded the first organized missionary undertaking in the history of the Protestant Church.  An effective school system was established along with a printing press that came to play a decisive role in the dissemination of printed Tamil literature.
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Collections in the National Museum of Denmark

The sculpture depicts the Hindu deity Shiva as Nataraja, the lord of dance. National Museum of Denmark

The National Museum contains large collections of old but also more recent artefacts, sketches, maps, photos, and films from Tranquebar and its nearby surroundings. During the Danish era in Tranquebar, a large number of the items were brought to Denmark as private collections by retired colonial officers and missionaries.
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Governor’s Residence and inter-cultural heritage

The Governor’s residence. Photo: Niels Erik Jensen, 2011. National Museum of Denmark

From 1784 to 1845, a large, stately house served as the official residence of the Danish governor. Since 1985, the building is owned by the Tamil Nadu State. Thanks to a large private donation, the building was thoroughly restored in 2011 and ready to house a planned Cultural Centre in Tranquebar run by Indian authorities.
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Publications (2004-2016)

Tranquebar

Publications from the Tranquebar Initiative of the National Museum 2004-2016
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Films and web-based educational material

From the Tranquebar Initiative of the National Museum (2004-2016)
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Links

Links for e-resources on Tranquebar
Read more about links for e-resources on Tranquebar

Text: Professor Esther Fihl and Research Assistant Caroline Lillelund, 2015
Web design and supervision: Assistant Curator Bente Gundestrup
Language editing: Research Assistant Manasa Bollempali

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